Kurt Campbell, the White House’s Asia chief, has played a significant role in developing U.S. policy toward China since the Clinton administration. The arc of his career mirrors the overall change in the relationship from engagement to competition. Under President Clinton, Campbell worked on Asia issues at the Pentagon and separately was part of a White House team advocating for the North American Free Trade Agreement. During the Obama administration, he was assistant Secretary of State for East Asian affairs and helped formulate the “pivot” to Asia, aimed at shifting America’s military and foreign policy focus to China and the rest of Asia. By 2018, he was writing in Foreign Affairs about the failure of engagement to remake China. Three years later, President Biden named him the National Security Council’s coordinator for the Indo-Pacific. There he has helped devise administration policy for competing with China. That includes putting together a submarine-building deal Subscribe or login to read the rest. Subscribers get full access to: Exclusive longform investigative journalism, Q&As, news and analysis, and data on Chinese business elites and corporations. We publish China scoops you won't find anywhere else. A weekly curated reading list on China from David Barboza, Pulitzer Prize-winning former Shanghai correspondent for The New York Times. A daily roundup of China finance, business and economics headlines. We offer discounts for groups, institutions and students. Go to our Subscriptions page for details.