Share this on Twitter Share this on Facebook Share this on LinkedIn Share this on Sina Weibo Share this on Wechat Share this on LinkedIn Elsa B. Kania has quickly become one of the most prominent voices analyzing U.S.-China relations, especially on Chinese military strategy and the dynamics of technological innovation. A Harvard graduate, she has studied in Beijing, worked as an analyst and testified before the U.S. House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence. Now, she splits her time between Cambridge, Massachusetts, where she’s a doctoral student at Harvard, and Washington, D.C., where she’s an adjunct fellow at the Center for a New American Security. Her current objective, she says, is to finish her book, Fighting to Innovate, which is forthcoming in 2021. What follows is a lightly edited Q. and A. Elsa KaniaIllustration by Kate Copeland Q. Your work often looks at the role the state plays in fostering innovation. How do China and the U.S. treat that role? And how do these roles contribute or not to the intensifying competition we’ve seen in recent years between the two countries? A. ChSubscribe, register or login to read the rest. Registered users can access a limited amount of content for free.Subscribers get full access to: Exclusive longform investigative journalism, Q&As, news and analysis, and data on Chinese business elites and corporations. We publish China scoops you won't find anywhere else. A weekly curated reading list on China from David Barboza, Pulitzer Prize-winning former Shanghai correspondent for The New York Times. A daily roundup of China finance, business and economics headlines. We offer discounts for groups, institutions and students. Go to our Subscriptions page for details.