A worker makes clothes at a garment factory that supplies SHEIN in Guangdong province on July 18, 2022. Credit: Jade Gao/AFP via Getty Images When is a Chinese company not a Chinese company? Some of China’s most dynamic firms are distancing themselves from the world’s second-largest economy, after finding themselves subject to unwelcome scrutiny over their origins. Popular fast fashion brand Shein relocated its headquarters to Singapore in 2021. In April, it deregistered its original parent company in Nanjing. E-commerce platform Temu has been headquartered in Boston since its launch last September, while its parent company PDD Holdings moved its headquarters to Ireland in the first quarter of this year, according to its SEC filings. Corporations from Apple to Pfizer have long registered in foreign jurisdictions, often in order to reduce their tax burdens. Rarely, though, have companies moved abroad to rebrand their national identity. Such maneuvers complicate the question of what makes a firm Chinese, posing potential issues for their customers, suppliers and investors as they navigate increased restriSubscribe or login to read the rest. Subscribers get full access to: Exclusive longform investigative journalism, Q&As, news and analysis, and data on Chinese business elites and corporations. We publish China scoops you won't find anywhere else. A weekly curated reading list on China from David Barboza, Pulitzer Prize-winning former Shanghai correspondent for The New York Times. A daily roundup of China finance, business and economics headlines. We offer discounts for groups, institutions and students. Go to our Subscriptions page for details.