Share this on Twitter Share this on Facebook Share this on LinkedIn Share this on Sina Weibo Share this on Wechat Share this on LinkedIn Hikvision thermal camera Credit: Lutsenko_Oleksandr, Shutterstock In recent years, the U.S. has added a growing number of Chinese companies, including some leading tech companies, to the U.S. Entity List, which makes it harder for those companies to do business with Americans. The list has been an ongoing source of tension in U.S.-China relations, and this month, China's state-backed Global Times reported that China “is ready to take a series of countermeasures,” including adding American companies such as Apple, Boeing, and Cisco to its own list — an “unreliable entity list.” It remains to be seen what, exactly, that means, but in this week’s Big Picture, we explain how the American Entity List started, why it matters to U.S.-China relations, and introduce some of the key Chinese companies on the list. Background Location of entities on the Entity ListData: Code of Federal Regulations (15 C.F.R. Part 744) The Entity List was created in 1997 and was initially intended to address the risk of U.S. exports being diveSubscribe, register or login to read the rest. Registered users can access a limited amount of content for free.Subscribers get full access to: Exclusive longform investigative journalism, Q&As, news and analysis, and data on Chinese business elites and corporations. We publish China scoops you won't find anywhere else. A weekly curated reading list on China from David Barboza, Pulitzer Prize-winning former Shanghai correspondent for The New York Times. A daily roundup of China finance, business and economics headlines. We offer discounts for groups, institutions and students. Go to our Subscriptions page for details.